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Africa most hit by Climate Change?

by DReporters
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Africa has a low contribution to greenhouse gas emissions but remains the most vulnerable continent on the planet.
Climate change provides opportunities for Africa to harness its huge resource potential to achieve the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals, SDGs.
Handling climate change in Africa will create big market opportunities, especially for the private sector and institutional investors
But Climate change is a major threat to Africa achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report 2018 highlighted the dire outcomes of a temperature increase above 1.5°C, especially for Africa.
UNEP-commissioned research estimates that the cost of adapting to climate change across Africa could reach $50 billion a year by 2050, if the global temperature increase is kept within 2°C above preindustrial levels.

Under the Paris Agreement reached at COP21, all countries agreed to take collective action on climate change to keep global temperature increases to no more than 2°C above pre-industrial levels. African countries have outlined bold aspirations to build climate-resilient and low-carbon economies in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement.
Having signed and ratified the Paris Agreement, nearly all African countries have committed to enhancing climate action through reducing their greenhouse gas emissions and building resilience. For the continent, adaptation to the adverse impacts of climate change is urgent.
But many of their commitments are conditional upon receiving adequate financial, technical, and capacity building support
Africa is the most vulnerable continent to climate change impacts under all climate scenarios above 1.5 degrees Celsius. Despite having contributed the least to global warming and having the lowest emissions, Africa faces huge collateral damage, posing systemic risks to its economies, infrastructure investments, water and food systems, public health, agriculture, and livelihoods, threatening to undo its modest development gains and slip into higher levels of extreme poverty. The following factors contribute to Africa’s vulnerability.


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